There is a nice piece in National Law Review on China's recently enacted 2015 Food Law and some of the challenges they face. While the law was made to look like US law, there are many differences in components that are not easily regulated - "....it lacked the right enforcement devices. Part of the food safety regime in Western countries relies on active consumer groups, industry self-enforcement, and media scrutiny. China does not have these mechanisms."
While the 2015 law tries to encourage better 'local regulatory enforcement, food industry associations, and media oversight' there is little detail on how this can be done. Add to this the fact the food industry is very fragmented with many smaller processors, it can be difficult to provide oversight.
Still, China is currently the third largest importer of food into the US. With the soon to be released FDA's Foreign Supplier Verification Rule, additional attention will be required by companies and brokers importing food.
National Law Review
Food Supply Chain Issues in China (Or, China’s New Food Safety Act) (Or, Running the Gauntlet in China)
posted on: Monday, November 2, 2015
Food trade between the U.S. and China is on the rise. According to the most recent statistics, China is the third largest exporter of food and agricultural products to the U.S., behind only Canada and Mexico. And, the U.S. is China’s biggest source of foreign food and agricultural products. Under the current state of trade, the U.S. sends approximately five times the food products to China that China sends to the U.S. But in any event, with the coming into force of China’s newest Food Safety Law on October 1, 2015, food supply chain relationships between the U.S. and China are taking on additional significance.
See more at: http://www.natlawreview.com/article/food-supply-chain-issues-china-or-china-s-new-food-safety-act-or-running-gauntlet#sthash.JcXfS3vT.dpuf