In light of the leakage from Japan’s nuclear facilities following the tsunami, questions have been raised regarding the safety of the US food supply. Based upon the government reports, there is currently no risk to the US food supply. This includes fallout here in the US from radiation released into the atmosphere and foods imported from areas with the potential for higher exposure.
EPA has only detected miniscule amounts of radiation in milk that can be attributed to the Japanese disaster, but these were so small that they pose no threat to human health. The levels found were 5000 times lower than the level set by FDA. Considering that and having a half-life of 8 days, there are currently no reasons to avoid drinking milk.
Radioactive material gets into milk when those materials drop from the atmosphere onto grasses which are then eaten by cow. The EPA and FDA have increased the level of monitoring food, drinking water, and rainwater. There have been a number of monitoring stations throughout the US that have detected some levels, but this was expected. However, the levels seen must be put in perspective.According to the EPA “Drinking water samples from two locations, Boise, Idaho and Richland, Washington, showed trace amounts of Iodine-131 – about 0.2 picocuries per liter in each case. Even an infant would have to drink almost 7,000 liters of this water to receive a radiation dose equivalent to a day's worth of the natural background radiation exposure we experience continuously from natural sources of radioactivity in our environment.”
FDA has said that no food is being exported from the affected area, and they are monitoring imported products from other areas of Japan, and at this point, there has not been any radiation detected. In addition, the US imports very little food from Japan. It is estimated that only 4% of our imported food comes from Japan.
There is specific concern with seafood with higher levels of radioactive materials making its way into the US. Besides blocking seafood from the infected areas, FDA has increased its monitoring seafood coming into the US and state that there is no risk related to seafood.