For consumers, careful evaluation is needed for those foods stored in a the refrigerator or freezer that has lost electrical power ( http://extension.psu.edu/food-safety/news/2012/power-outages-and-freezer-failures , http://www.fda.gov/Food/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/ucm076881.htm) and what to do when returning to a home that has been in a hurricane or flood (http://www.fda.gov/Food/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/ucm076993.htm).
For businesses that handle food, FDA provides guidance for disasters.
· Handling of food items exposed to flood waters (http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodDefense/Emergencies/FloodsHurricanesPowerOutages/ucm112723.htm). It is important to note that jars with screw tops and bottles with crimp lids (beer and soda bottles) be destroyed. The reason for this is that debris may become lodged in the space between the cap and jar.
· Disposal of food items (http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodDefense/Emergencies/FloodsHurricanesPowerOutages/ucm112717.htm)
· Restaurants and Grocers reopening after flood or hurricane (http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodDefense/Emergencies/FloodsHurricanesPowerOutages/ucm112713.htm)
· Decontamination of transport vehicles (http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodDefense/Emergencies/FloodsHurricanesPowerOutages/ucm112728.htm).
· Water subject to a boil advisory (http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/GuidanceDocuments/FoodDefenseandEmergencyResponse/ucm211373.htm).